Is it still “poor” for the ten trillion-level smart car market to take off?Academician: It is very important to improve the “endogenous safety” of automobiles

Is it still “poor” for the ten trillion-level smart car market to take off?Academician: It is very important to improve the “endogenous safety” of automobiles

The first batch of 200 Beta experience versions of Zhiji L7 were officially delivered offline

As a strategic pillar industry of the national economy, automobiles are undergoing the transformation of electrification, intelligence and networking, and transportation is also transforming from traditional transportation to intelligent transportation. Many technology and industrial giants around the world have invested heavily in the field of intelligent vehicles. New forces are quietly emerging.

Compared with traditional cars, the network security issues of intelligent connected cars are like a “ceiling” that slows down the momentum of industry development. At the first council meeting of the Shanghai Intelligent and Connected Vehicle Network Security Industry Collaborative Innovation Center held recently, experts said that the Internet of Vehicles is still in the acceleration stage, and the network security industry is in the early stage of development. Shanghai should seize the opportunity to become a national The “engine” of the network security industry of intelligent networked vehicles.

Hundreds of millions of lines of code in a car, loopholes are inevitable

ICVs are composed of key systems such as perception systems (cameras, radars, maps and positioning), control systems (algorithms, chips, operating systems), and execution systems (integrated control systems). Li Yufeng of Shanghai University said: “The code of some smart cars has exceeded 100 million lines, and there are no security holes. Is it possible?”

According to the barrel theory of network security, the degree of security is determined by the “short board”. Guo Hui, chief technology officer of SAIC Zhiji Automobile, said that the automotive industry has a very complex supply chain. For example, if a CNC system supplier is designed with open source software, there may be security risks.

At the “Strong Net” Mimic Defense International Elite Challenge held at the end of last year, 48 top teams at home and abroad carried out high-intensity “thorns” on 8 models of 16 models of intelligent networked vehicles. Within 72 hours, the cars endured a total of 40 More than 10,000 attacks have finally screened out more than 300 effective vulnerabilities, effectively increasing the “security plank”.

Wu Jiangxing, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, said that the functional safety of the traditional automobile industry has strict quantitative standards and evaluation systems, but the network security of smart cars cannot be measured. Whether the in-vehicle network is safe is still a conceptual expression. Therefore, it is necessary to have an organization to solve the key technical problems of intelligent networked vehicle safety, promote the application of my country’s unique and original endogenous safety technology, and provide high reliability, high availability and high credibility for the digital transformation and intelligent evolution of the manufacturing industry. Assure.

It is better to “strengthen yourself”

“Finding loopholes” is to make up for it, and it requires a lot of manpower and material resources to find and remedy, but it is too difficult for a highly complex integrated system such as an intelligent networked vehicle. From the challenge, we can see some of the characteristics of hackers’ cyberattacks on cars: in the opening 5 hours, almost no one cared about the cars, and the more the deadline for the competition, the more intensive the attacks. Even with good results, no one can guarantee that the vulnerability has been “zeroed out”.

In this environment, “endogenous security” is particularly important. “Endogenous security” is an innovative technology proposed by Chinese scientists in response to the worldwide common problems and stubborn diseases in the field of network security. It has strong self-immunity and can operate under the conditions of “toxic carrier”.

Li Yufeng introduced that his team and Zijinshan Laboratory took the lead in proposing an integrated guarantee method for the functional safety and network security of intelligent networked vehicles on the basis of the cyberspace endogenous security theory pioneered in my country. The team carried out the verification of the endogenous safety autonomous driving principle, initially formed the theoretical framework of the endogenous safety of the intelligent networked vehicle, and achieved a number of expected results of the basic principle verification, which is expected to solve the “pain point” of the safety of the intelligent networked vehicle industry. A new path of high reliability, high reliability and high availability.

Leverage the 10 trillion-level market and solve the worries of consumers

The McKinsey report said that over the next decade, the automotive industry will face dramatic changes unseen in a century, with the global automotive software and electronics market growing to $469 billion by 2030. A separate survey of consumers around the world for self-driving cars found that their top concern was cybersecurity.

How to respond to consumer concerns and leverage the 10 trillion-level market? Shanghai released the “Action Plan for Building Cybersecurity Industry Innovation Highlands (2021-2023)”, which clearly proposed to build 10 cybersecurity industry collaborative innovation centers to promote multi-party collaboration among production, academia, research, and use.

Academician Wu Jiangxing introduced that the newly established Collaborative Innovation Center for the Cybersecurity Industry of Intelligent Connected Vehicles is the first collaborative innovation center in the field of cybersecurity in Shanghai. co-organized. In addition to focusing on technical issues such as building enterprise-level special vulnerability libraries and high-efficiency detection security tools, the center will also explore a series of issues that people care about, such as auto insurance.

“With endogenous safety as the basic standard of the intelligent networked vehicle machine system, embedding safety genes from the ‘bones’, accelerating the deep integration with the insurance and financial industry, and formulating the intelligent networked vehicle network security standards and specifications, Shanghai will hopefully be one step ahead of others. It will drive the blue ocean market of future cars.” Wu Jiangxing said.

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