1. Hallux valgus
Due to abnormal congenital development or wearing pointed shoes for a long time, the toes are kneaded by external forces and the hallux toes are forced to eversion.
Conflict and pressure will accelerate the formation of thumb valgus.
It reflects the dislocation of the joint located at the bottom of the big toe, causing the big toe to bend to the outside, forming a protruding big toe bone.
The best way to prevent hallux valgus is to wear a pair of suitable shoes, such as shoes with a wide and high toe or shoes with a curved outsole.
In the early stage of hallux valgus formation, soaking the feet in warm water can temporarily alleviate the pain.
Mild patients can put cotton pads between the top and the second toe, and wear plastic orthotics at night to avoid deterioration and correct deformation, such as toe pads, night splints, toe bandages, etc.
If the painful scene is really unbearable and severely affects daily life, surgical operation is required for arthroscopy.
2. flat feet Flat feet are caused by the looseness of the plantar ligaments. The general disease is due to foot skeletal muscle abnormalities and genetic factors. Most patients with flat feet have no significant discomfort, but severe flat feet can cause fatigue and pain after walking and fatigue. There may be swelling in the center of the foot and the back of the foot. Pain and pain in the hip and knee joints. The custom-made medical orthopedic insole can support the arch of the foot and balance the distribution of plantar pressure. At the same time, wear shoes that strengthen the heel and perform toe extension and flexion exercises. Teenagers can relieve symptoms through toe walking and Achilles tendon stretching exercises.
3. plantar fasciitis The plantar fascia is a broad-shaped fan-shaped fascia arrangement on the sole of the foot. It is an excellent support for the arch of the foot. It has a cushioning effect and absorbs the reaction force on the ground and provides an elastic effect for walking. However, excessive pulling of the fascia can cause abnormal deformation or inflammation such as excessive exercise. Standing for too long, as well as being overweight, pregnant, wearing inappropriate footwear for a long time, etc. Wearing functional shoes or insoles with elasticity and shock absorption effect to support the arch of the foot can relieve the pain of the patient, and wearing the healing insole can also correct other abnormal biomechanics of the foot. Other common treatments include stretching exercises, testing the muscle lifting exercises of yoga, and stretching the plantar fascia.
4. heel spur The calcaneal spur is a phenomenon of bone hyperplasia caused by the long-term traction of the calcaneal bone by the plantar fascia. Most bone spurs have no significant pain, and some suffer from slow pain when standing or walking. Nowadays, there are many medicines to treat bone spurs, but there is no so-called specific medicine that can dissolve or eliminate bone spurs. Because bone spurs are a compensatory bone substance that grows from normal bones, it has no difference in hardness from human bones, and its fine structure is similar to normal bones, with the same composition and no pathological changes. Pay attention to the combination of work and rest, and participate in physical exercises appropriately. If the pain is unbearable, the heel ring that redistributes the force on the heel or the insole with heel free can be customized to relieve the pain of the affected area.
5. the lower limbs are not equal in length The unequal length of the lower limbs is caused by the slow development of one lower limb or the healing of the fracture shortening, and some are caused by the deformation of the hip, knee, and ankle joints. Because the lumbar spine of normal people has a certain compensatory function for the unequal length of the lower limbs, the height of one lower limb is shortened by 1 cm or less. Patients with a shortening of more than 1 cm can cause pelvic tilt, scoliosis, lameness, fatigue and low back pain after prolonged walking and standing, and need to be supplemented. Fill height below 1cm: use thick heel and thin forefoot insoles for use in shoes; fill height 1-3cm: customize height shoes or adjust the opposite sole; fill height 3-7cm: need to be customized Internal high shoes.
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